Science Help

x ray Wavelength Range

In 1895, William Roentgen, a German physicist discovered X rays.

X-raysare among the different forms of electromagnetic radiation, like radio waves, light and gamma radiation. Their wavelength is in the range of about 1 nm to 6 micrometer. Their main characteristic is their ability to pass through matter. X-rays are least affected by regular lenses unlike light and move in straight lines.


Having problem with Units for Wavelength keep reading my upcoming posts, i will try to help you.


Production of x-rays


X-rays are highly penetrating rays emanated by striking a metal target with high energy electrons.

Synchrotronradiation is an important source of X rays. X rays can be formed in anevacuated glass bulb, containing two electrodes—an anode made of heavymetal and a cathode. When a high voltage is passed between the electrodes, electron streams (cathode rays) are forced from the cathodeand produce X rays as they strike the anode.

X-raysare also formed when electrons make transitions among the lower atomicenergy levels of heavy elements. X-rays thus produced have definite energies. As their energies are determined by the atomic energy levels,they are called characteristic x-rays.


Range of X-rays wavelength


  • X-radiations(which are the collection of X-rays) are the form of electromagnetic radiation. X-rays have a wavelength in the range of about 10 −7 to about 10 −15 meter or from less than a billionth of an inch to less than a trillionth of an inch; the corresponding frequency range is from3 × 10 16 Hz to about 3 × 10 19 Hz (1 Hz = 1 cps).

  • Theirwavelengths are shorter than UV rays and longer than gamma rays.X-raysranging from 0.12 to near about 12 keV (10 to 0.10nm wavelength) are classified as "soft" X-rays, and that of ranging from 12 to 120 keV (0.10 to 0.01nm wavelength) as the "hard" X-rays, which is due to the penetrating abilities.

 Imageshowingrangeofspectrum


Between, if you have problem on these topics Energy Types, please browse expert math related websites for more help on Equation Gravity.


Conclusion to x-ray wave length range


Wenow conclude that X rays are highly penetrating, invisible electromagnetic radiation having a significantly shorter wavelength than visible light. Within a short span of their discovery, X-rays werebeing used to image broken bones.